下午的英语考试最后押题!!2018年高考英语原创押题卷(含听力)

下午的英语考试最后押题!!2018年高考英语原创押题卷(含听力)
2018年06月08日 12:08 新浪网 作者 中国自主招生网

下午的英语考试最后押题!!2018年高考英语原创押题卷(含听力)

2018年高考原创押题卷【全国Ⅱ卷】

英 语

(考试时间:120分钟 试卷满分:150分)

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

2018高考英语原创押题卷听力来自高中英语00:0020:40

第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A. £19.15. B. £9.18. C. £9.15.

答案是 C。

1. What is the price of the tour?

A. $218. B. $280. C. $300.

2. When will the woman’s daughter arrive at the centre?

A. At 7:30. B. At 8:30. C. At 9:00.

3. Why is the woman talking to the man?

A. To buy a coat. B. To change a coat. C. To return a coat.

4. How does the woman feel now?

A. Surprised. B. Disappointed. C. Relieved.

5. What are the speakers talking about?

A. The position of the canteen.

B. The change of the school.

C. The life of the new students.

第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各个小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. What happened to the woman?

A. She felt hot.

B. The soup burned her mouth.

C. She ate too much pepper.

7. Where does this conversation take place?

A. In a restaurant. B. At home. C. In a shop.

听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。

8. Why does the man come to Seville?

A. To enjoy the sights.

B. To hold a business meeting.

C. To attend a trade exhibition.

9. How will the man get to the hotel?

A. By car. B. By bike. C. By bus.

10. What will the man probably do tonight?

A. Plan his trip. B. Eat out. C. Visit the town.

听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。

11. Why does the woman recommend The Harvey Clinic for the man?

A. The doctor there is good with babies.

B. It has a very good reputation.

C. Its conditions are good.

12. Where will the talk on Healthy Eating be held?

A. At the Harvey Clinic.

B. At the Health Centre.

C. At the primary school.

13. When does the talk about giving up smoking take place?

A. On February 5th.

B. On March 1st.

C. On March 9th.

听第9段材料,回答第14至16题。

14. What does the man want to do at first?

A. Go to the shopping center.

B. Watch a movie.

C. Stay at home.

15. What does the woman think of not taking advantage of a bargain?

A. Unwise. B. Clever. C. Practical.

16. How much will the speakers spend?

A. 25% of the regular price.

B. 50% of the regular price.

C. 75% of the regular price.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. Why does the speaker give the talk?

A. To introduce something about badminton.

B. To inspire people to play badminton.

C. To encourage people to join the club.

18. When will the “starter” session be held?

A. This Wednesday. B. This Sunday. C. Next Sunday.

19. How much is the annual fee for new members of the badminton club?

A. Thirty-five pounds.

B. Forty-five pounds.

C. Eighty pounds.

20. What is included in the badminton club membership?

A. Free clothes and sports shoes.

B. Free use of the swimming pool.

C. Free access to certain equipment at the centre.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

Huang Hua, 36, has been working at the Yangshan Deep Water Port for 13 years. But for the first twelve years, he worked as a driver, operating machines in sky-high cranes (吊车). Now, his work location has moved to a control center, monitoring the cranes from afar.

“At a traditional port, I would work with a handle all day, repeating the same motion 12 hours a day, four days a week. I used to have lots of neck problems. Now the task is less physically challenging, but much more complex,” says Huang, who is now a crane teleoperator.

Now, Huang’s daily work is to closely monitor a dozen computer screens, collect data on the operation status of each cargo crane, and deal with emergencies and malfunctions (故障).

Manual workers like Huang are no longer needed at the terminal. Bridge cranes, auto-guided vehicles and rail-mounted gantry cranes (轨行龙门吊) are now taking over the job. While the labor cost is down 70 percent, the handling efficiency has increased by 50 percent.

The Vice General Manager of the Shangdong Container Terminal Branch, Luo Yunjie told CGTN that all the automated handling equipment is designed and manufactured in China. Once the fourth phase (期) enters full operation, it will be able to handle 6.3 million TEUs. This will further strengthen Shanghai Port’s status as the busiest in the world.

Shanghai has the ambition of becoming a global shipping center by 2020. Phase IV of the Yangshan Port marks an important step in reaching that goal. In the near future, the Shanghai Port not only aims to gather more value-added shipping resources and offer more various services, but also to play an even bigger role in the country’s Belt and Road initiative.

21. What is the difference between Huang’s present job and that of the past?

A. He works fewer days a week.

B. He has fewer neck problems.

C. He can operate cranes in a control center far away.

D. His task is less physically challenging, but much more complex

22. Why aren’t manual workers like Huang needed at the terminal any longer?

A. Because the labor cost is down 70 percent.

B. Because they have more important work to do.

C. Because they aren’t strong enough to work there.

D. Because all the jobs are done by bridge cranes, auto-guided vehicles and rail-mounted gantry cranes.

23. Which is the most suitable to use to describe present Yangshan Deep Water Port?

A. The busiest. B. The best.

C. The largest. D. The most advanced.

B

“City Cycling USA: Los Angeles,” a pocket-sized tour guide to seeing Los Angeles on two wheels, is seemingly for visitors; for locals, its series of bike-friendly paths and itineraries (行程) are a road-map to becoming tourists in their own city again.

“City Cycling” explores five neighborhoods in the Westside and Eastside and generally north of the 10 and south of the 101. Itineraries fit the period of a day, beginning with spots for coffee, walking along museums and shops, and finishing off with recommendations of where to buy a well-deserved drink. Published by Thames and Hudson in association with London cycling brand Rapha Racing, the guidebook is among the first U.S. sections — alongside New York, Chicago and San Francisco — in a series launched in 2013 with biking tours of eight European cities.

Greatest hits such as the Bradbury Building and Echo Park Lake are included in the neighborhood tours, with plenty of fashionable places for where to eat — Eggslut, Pine & Crane and Gjusta. The guide is a reminder of how crowdedly packed each enclave (飞地) of L.A. is with unusual destinations, the large number of places to explore within a few square mile radius (半径), easily done once we step out of the car.

Los Angeles’ famously pleasant weather makes it an ideal city for exploring by bike; neighborhoods have different styles. While the car still plays an important role, cycling culture, like CicLAvia, already has full support, and is prepared to grow with the implementation (实施) of Mobility Plan 2035, which aims to make the city more bike friendly. “City Cycling USA: Los Angeles” is a start.

24. Who is City Cycling USA: Los Angeles really intended for?

A. Visitors on bikes. B. Locals on bikes.

C. Tourist on bikes D. Bicyclists

25. Where does each itinerary begin and end?

A. Where there is a café.

B. Where drink can be bought easily.

C. Where it is convenient for tourists on bikes.

D. Where there are museums and shops.

26. What are Eggslut, Pine & Crane and Gjusta used for?

A. Places where you can eat.

B. Destinations you can reach within a day.

C. Guides to a enclave of L.A. crowded with unusual destinations.

D. Places where you can see the Bradbury Building and Echo Park Lake.

27. Why is Los Angeles fit to explore by bike?

A. Because it is bike friendly.

B. Because of cycling culture.

C. Because of Mobility Plan 2035.

D. Because of its pleasant weather.

C

Roger Federer, who recently became the oldest man to hold the No. 1 ranking in men’s tennis at the age 36, will bring a 12-match winning streak (连胜) to the BNP Paribas Open, which starts this week at the Indian Wells Tennis Garden.

Federer, a five-time winner of the hard-court event and a 20-time Grand Slam singles champion, on Tuesday was seeded No. 1 in a field that has been given up by injuries to several excellent players. Among those missing are world No. 2 Rafael Nadal (hip injury), Stan Wawrinka (knee), who lost to Federer in the 2017 final, David Goffin (eye) and Andy Murray (hip surgery).

Federer, who has spent 305 weeks of his career at the top the Assn of Tennis Professional world rankings, must reach the semifinals (半决赛) at Indian Wells to keep his No. 1 status. If he exits sooner than that, Nadal would regain the top spot. Federer has a first-round bye (轮空) and a seemingly easy projected route to the quarterfinals, where he likely would face No. 5 seed Dominic Thiem of Austria.

Five-time Indian Wells champion Novak Djokovic, who had a small medical intervention (干预) on his troublesome right elbow earlier this year, was seeded 10th in the tournament. Djokovic has played only four matches this year because of his elbow problems and hasn’t played a tournament since he lost to Hyeon Chung of South Korea in the round of 16 at the Australian Open in January.

Maria Sharapova of Russia will face Naomi Osaka of Japan on Wednesday with their match scheduled for not before 5:00 p.m.

On Thursday, Serena Williams will play Zarina Diyas of Kazakhstan and Victoria Azarenka of Belarus will play Heather Watson of the United Kingdom during the evening session (7 p.m. start).

28. Why does Federer have a seemingly easy projected route to the quarterfinals?

A. Because he is seeded No. 1

B. Because many excellent players are missing.

C. Because he has a first-round bye.

D. Because he is well enough to beat any player.

29. Who is most likely to be the seed next to Federer among the players who can play in the BNP Paribas Open?

A. Rafael Nadal. B. Dominic Thiem.

C. Novak Djokovic. D. Maria Sharapova.

30. What is the trouble with Novak Djokovic, which stopped him playing the tournament?

A. He has elbow problems.

B. He has played fewest matches.

C. He lost to Hyeon Chung.

D. He was seeded 10th in the tournament.

31. Why does the author use most words to talk about Federer?

A. Because he is seeded No. 1.

B. Because will bring a 12-match winning streak.

C. Because the author believes he can beat anyone in the tournament.

D. Because he is the oldest to hold the No. 1 ranking and was seeded No. 1.

D

Chinese researchers say they have come up with a simple way to find out a person’s biological age —how much the body has aged physically – through a urine (尿) test.

Their findings will help researchers conduct numbers of ageing studies and even predict a person’s risk of age-related diseases, according to a paper published in the journal Frontiers in Ageing Neuroscience.

Another paper by researchers at the Beijing Hospital and the West China Hospital in Chengdu, Sichuan province, said on Tuesday that people aged at different rates due to changes in their genetic make-up and their environment.

Chronological age – which is based on one’s birth date —was an inaccurate measure of biological age so a more accurate method was needed, the team said.

Ageing is driven by the lifelong gradual accumulation of a broad variety of molecular (分子) faults in the body’s cells. The team said they had identified a matter —8-oxoGsn — that indicated increases in oxidative (氧化性) damage in urine as people’s bodies aged.

Cai Jianping, a co-author at the Beijing Hospital, said: “As we age, we suffer increasing oxidative damage and so the levels of oxidative matters increase in our body.” The team tested the levels of 8-oxoGsn in urine samples from 1,228 Chinese people aged two to 90 and concluded themarkerhelped accurately determine the stage of biological ageing in adults.

They had previously found that 8-oxoGsn levels also increased with age in the urine of animals such as mice.

The team has also developed a rapid analysis technique called ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography, which can process up to 10 urine samples an hour, according to the study.

32. Scientifically speaking, by what does a doctor judge the stage of a person getting old?

A. His condition. B. His biological age.

C. His psychology. D. His chronological age.

33. What are the outer factors the speed of one’s ageing physically depend on?

A. One’s birth date.

B. The increases in oxidative damage in urine.

C. The changes in their genetic make-up and their environment.

D. The accumulation of various molecular faults in the body’s cells.

34. Which can take the place of the underlined word “marker” in the sixth paragraph?

A. 8-oxoGsn.

B. Molecular faults.

C. Oxidative damage.

D. Stage of biological ageing in adults.

35. What is the passage about?

A. Why people are ageing.

B. How to delay people’s ageing physically.

C. What determines the stage of people’s ageing physically.

D. A rapid method with which to judge how much people are aging physically.

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

If you have been living away from home for quite some time, a life skills course may seem to be helpful. 36 They will help you to become a more successful adult in the future. A life skills course can teach you to:

37

Although you may be able to make a simple pasta (面团) meal, or microwave a ready meal, a life skills course teaches you how to make healthy choices and cook them for yourself. Whether you are a teenager soon to be leaving home, or an adult in your 30s or 40s, 38

Sort out your finances.

39 It is not easy to work out a budget other than just trying to pay all of your bills when your wage comes in and then living on the rest until the next pay day. A life skills course will teach you how to make a budget and stick to it without having to stop yourself from doing the things that you want to do.

Choose and find your dream job.

It is never too late to retrain and go for the career that you always wanted. Coming out of school and being expected to know what you want to do for the rest of your life is ridiculous. 40

A. Leading a healthy life.

B. Live and eat healthily.

C. This is something few adults actually have planned well.

D. A life skills course can teach you a range of skills and ways of living.

E. it is time that we should learn how to choose foods which are most fit us feel.

F. it is never too late to learn how to choose foods which will make you feel great.

G. A life skills course will teach you how to work out what you actually want to do, and then get there.

第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1. 5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Ann and I have been married for 58 years, but it was not love at first 41 .

We both 42 in Mobile, and entered Murphy High School in 1953. I sat by two girls. The three of us talked so 43 during class that the teacher split us up. She moved me next to a 44 named Ann. The only thing I knew about Ann was that she was best friends with the 45 pastor’s (牧师) daughter. That was all I knew about her. And Ann knew all she 46 to know about me.

In our junior year, we were still in the 47 class. When in 48 , I asked Ann to 49 me what I was doing wrong. Without a word, she let me know she was 50 to help me. So I asked another classmate.

Later, I started working in a 51 store. Ann came in weekly with her mother and seemed to be a 52 person. We talked a lot and I 53 that I had changed, too.

Once as I took the groceries out for her, I asked if she’d 54 to go for a ride after work, but she said she 55 drive her mother home. I felt 56 but found out later that she was hoping for my 57 to pick her up after work.

Days later seeing Ann walking home, I offered her a ride. She accepted and I quickly asked her for a 58 , thinking she’d be more 59 to accept. And she did. We continued to date until that famous pastor 60 us.

41. A. view B. meeting C. sight D. hand

42. A. grew out B. grew up C. brought up D. brought in

43. A. much B. seriously C. widely D. attentively

44. A. boy B. classmate B. schoolmate D. girl

45. A. poor B. kind C. famous D. strict

46. A. wanted B. offered C. got D. hated

47. A. familiar B. small C. good D. same

48. A. class B. trouble C. silence D. need

49. A. show B. teach C. warn D. inform

50. A. ready B. sure C. hesitated D. unwilling

51. A. fruit B. grocery C. book D. department

52. A. rich B. clever C. different D. mature

53. A. understood B. expected C. realized D. thought

54. A. need B. like C. wish D. hope

55. A. had to B. preferred to C. used to D. decided to

56. A. disappointed B. embarrassed C. frustrated D. rejected

57. A. support B. hope C. offer D. confidence

58. A. date B. ride C. advice D. promise

59. A. uncertain B. likely C. possible D. due

60. A. met B. allowed C. congratulated D. married

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

In our lives, many of us will find 61 (we) caring for an elderly parent. This is never easy; it can take great efforts 62 (emotional) and physically, and the financial challenges can sometimes seem 63 our ability.

Often one of the 64 (hard) things is striking a balance between your parent’s desire to feel independent and your control of their life, with the need to ensure they are safe and their health needs 65 (attend) to.

Sometimes this can create tensions (紧张) and arguments, only 66 (add) to the stress of an already difficult situation. It is important here to make them feel they are being listened to, and 67 they know you only have their best interests at heart.

It’s the same with financial issues. To cover the costs of their parent’s care, many people will consider the choices such as selling the family home. The most important thing here is 68 (communicate) —it counts much to make sure that everyone 69 (involve) is aware of 70 is being proposed and singing from the same hymn (圣歌) sheet.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:

1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Is it all right students carry smart phones all the times? The opinions about that varies from person to person. Those for that think it is convenience for them to contact with others, especially it is necessary in emergency.

Those like that, however, think students are not supposed to. In their opinion, some students can’t resist a temptation to play games and watch something improper for them at improper time, wasting their precious time they should spend studying and taking sports. Besides, to playing games may cost them too many. As far as I’m concerning, students should value their studies, and safety more than other things. As for relaxation, we would better do what is beneficial for both mind and body.

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是王海。你代表大赛组委会(the competition committee) 写一封邮件告知Tom教授已成功被聘请为北京赛区(area)英语演讲竞赛评委(judge)并及时前来等事宜。内容包括:

1.航班起降地点、时间。

2.抵达后接洽人、地点。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Tom,

_____________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Yours,

Wang Hai

下午的英语考试最后押题!!2018年高考英语原创押题卷(含听力)

下午的英语考试最后押题!!2018年高考英语原创押题卷(含听力)

下午的英语考试最后押题!!2018年高考英语原创押题卷(含听力)

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