#1 Plum Blossom
plum blossom stands for noble, unsullied and modest qualities
and is considered as “friend of winter”
Along with orchid, bamboo and chrysanthemum,
they are praised as the “Four Gentlemen”
plum blossom is also a symbol of perseverance
as Chinese people are always indomitable
and constantly strive to become stronger.
Peony is considered by many as the country’s national flower
It is a symbol of prosperity
because of the dazzling color, extraordinary size, and round shape
At a higher level, the peony symbolizes prosperity, happiness and peace.
At a material level, it represents wealth and rank.
Chrysanthemums bloom in the late autumn,
so its ability to withstand the coldness
inspired many ancient scholars to write poems and paint pictures
With its unsophisticated beauty,
chrysanthemum is also a symbol of longevity in Chinese literature.
Untouched by any impurities,
the lotus symbolizes purity of the heart and mind
The adoration of the lotus has formed a unique “Lotus culture”
lasting a long time in China.
A Song Dynasty scholar, Zhou Dunyi, praised lotus as
“unsullied from silt where it comes from, retains demure despite being cleaned by water”
It is said that an ancient emperor could not forget his homeland and died in frustration.
After his death, he became a bird and sang day and night in late spring.
Finally, it bled to death and the blood tainted all the flowers in mountains;
the flowers are thus named after the bird.
Colorful azaleas represent happiness and prosperity
and can always evoke people’s warm passion for life.
Orchid believed to be elegant yet humble, natural yet refined,
joyous yet polite and independent yet friendly.
Also, Ancient Chinese called eternal friendship “lan jiao”,
or companionship as noble as the orchid,
and beautiful prose and poems “lan zhang”,
or words as graceful as the orchid.
#7 Sweet Osmanthus
A symbol of longevity.
Chinese mythology held that a sweet osmanthus grows on the moon
and was endlessly cut by Wu Gang.
This flower has long been favored by the Chinese
because of its fragrance and cultural association.
Narcissus is believed to have occult value.
It is used for exorcism, to rout out evil spirits.
Narcissus is also believed to have powers to bring a person back to life.
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