新浪新闻客户端

What You Actually Need To Change A Bad Habit

What You Actually Need To Change A Bad Habit
2019年07月04日 11:41 新浪网 作者 Susie的MTI课堂

  Let’s say you’re working toward a goal. Maybe it’s to cut out junk food, budget better or stop looking at your phone so much. Chances are, the first thing you think to yourself is something along the lines of, “OK, I just really need to eat more vegetables/save $10,000/put down the damn phone after 8 p.m.”

  In other words, you think willpower will help you to achieve the goal.Aunwavering(坚定不移的)determination will get you to the finish line.

  unwavering是一个很好用的小词adj,你可以用来去形容一个人死盯着一个地方,动也不动一下眼珠那种感觉,比如unwavering stare;当然也可以像我们文中这样,去形容一个我们的determination,意思就说这个determination我们经过深思熟虑了,不会(轻易)改变。

  But what if willpower wasn’t all that you needed? In fact, what if you didn’t actually need willpower at all? As it turns out, willpower is far from positive panacea we often see it as. It doesn’t always work. And what’s more, we often run out of it sooner rather than later.

  Often interchangeable with the term “self-control,” willpower can be thought of as “mental strength or energy,” explainedDenise Cummins, a cognitive scientist who researches decision-making and thinking. Like physical strength or energy, willpower can be built up ― but it also can be depleted.

  Trying to commit to a drastic change and relying on willpower alone won’t work out, Cummins said. (This helps explain why only8% of people keep their New Year’s resolutions.) That’s because we often view it as something we don’t have much of in the first place, which sets us up for failure.One 2010 studyfound that working adults and college students who believed that willpower was a limited resource were more likely to give into temptation under stress.

  On top of that, willpower only works well when your motivation is high, so basically when you’re just starting out, Cummins said. But as you come across more and more temptations that work against your goals as time goes on ― i.e., the free pizza at work, a new purse or the lure of Instagram ― your willpower rapidly starts to dissipate.

  很多同学特别喜欢用on top of that但其实不知道这个表达其实是有语义的,通常来说on top of that可以用来补充上文没说到的提到的点,但是,这个点通常是不那么愉快的,举个小栗子吧:

  Wemissedourflight, and on top of that we had towaitsevenhoursfor the next one.

  on the top of that是对上文我们错过飞机的补充,补充的这个点呢不是啥好事,unpleasant experience. 所以如果用的话需要注意一些语义。

  Plus, temptation is literally everywhere these days. “There’s no way around the fact that as humans in today’s world, we’re constantly swimming upstream against countless distractions,” explained Brad Stulberg, a researcher, wellness coach and author of ”The Passion Paradox.” “There’s an ongoing onslaught of junk food and junk content, and if you’re constantly flexing your willpower muscle against all those things, it’s going to constantly deplete.”

  The bottom line: While willpower can certainly play a helpful role in reaching a goal ― at least when we’re highly motivated ― it’s just not enough on its own. “Self-control” isn’t the answer. Instead, there are a few ways to “hack” yourself so you can better achieve your goals, whatever they might be.

  

1. Adjust your environment.

  “What I suggest to my clients and do in my own life is to look to see which distractions and temptations you can eliminate completely,” Stulberg said. Ask yourself: Where can you automate good decisions? How can you eliminate the option to make a bad decision at all?

  For instance, if you’re trying to eat healthier, it’s time to toss all the chips and candy from your kitchen. Instead stock it with healthy foods that you actually want to eat ― not just carrots and celery, Cummins noted.

  Want to look at your phone less often? Turn it off, and place on the other side of the room. Or delete your mosttemptingapps from your phone altogether, as Stulberg has done with Twitter, his social media vice of choice.

  又抓到一个很好用的小词tempting, 啥意思呢,有吸引力的,可以是任何东西,比如,爱丁堡给你发的offer,有吸引力,你就可以说a tempting offer,或者你觉得这顿饭比较好吃,你也可以说a tempting meal总之,去形容任何你想形容的东西都可。下次别只用attractive了,因为你有了一些列词了,对吧。

  Trying to save money? Set up an automatic transfer from your checking to your savings account every month so you don’t have to think about it. Want to work out in the morning? Sleep in your workout gear and sign up a class you’ll be charged for missing.

  

2. Take a break — a real break.

  If you don’t give yourself a chance to rest and recharge, you will run out of willpower.

  “Just as your muscles need rest in order to recover and grow stronger, your willpower needs time to recover as well,” Stulberg explained. Especially in our world that’s so full of distractions, it’s essential to schedule in time away from it all, he said.

  Take a real vacation where you can unplug and disconnect, or even just a daylong staycation somewhere peaceful. “Research shows that after spending a day in nature or doing something you enjoy, willpower tends to replenish,” Stulberg said.

  This doesn’t just apply to taking a trip, either. You can take a break by taking it easy in another area of your life by easing up on ambitious goals. For example, if you’re trying to eat healthier or save money, it’s probably not the time to start training for a triathlon, Stulberg explained.

  In other words, cut yourself some slack in areas of your life where you’re not trying to exert your willpower. “Pick one or two things to work on, but then give yourself some space ― don’t take on multiple challenges,” Stulberg said.

  

3. Revisit your “why.”

  If you feel like you’ve lost sight of your overarching goal, consider it a sign that it’s time to reset, Cummins said. If you can’t remember why you really want to save money or why working out is important to you, you won’t be nearly as motivated to do it.

  Practicing visualization can help here. Essentially, you should imagine, in specific detail, those bigger goals. “This allows you to reinitialize your motivation and crystallize those goals again, so they become very clear and real again,” Cummins said. If you have an active imagination, you may be able to just conjure up those goals in a real, detailed way in your head.

  If that doesn’t sound like you, Cummins suggests this technique: Google the things you have in mind ― a stronger deadlift, a fancy vacation, whatever it might be. “You can simply immerse yourself in those images that come up; you don’t have to generate them yourself,” she said.

  

4. Find a support team.

  You’ve probably heard tips like “set a due date,” “mark it in your calendar” or “share your goal with others.” But the real trick to staying accountable is to have people alongside you, supporting you along the way.

  “Whatever your goal is, doing it with people who you can get vulnerable with and who you trust will hold you accountable can make a huge difference,” Stulberg said.

  

5. Be kind to yourself, especially when you slip up.

  The old adage “To err is human” holds true. You’re going to fail sometimes, and it’s important to be nice to yourself when you do.

  “You’re still human, you’re still going to struggle,” Stulberg said. If you mess up or give into temptation, don’t beat yourself up about it ― just forgive yourself and move on. “Research shows that the more you judge yourself, the more likely you are to engage in that same behavior again, creating a vicious cycle,” he added.谨记

特别声明:以上文章内容仅代表作者本人观点,不代表新浪网观点或立场。如有关于作品内容、版权或其它问题请于作品发表后的30日内与新浪网联系。
权利保护声明页/Notice to Right Holders 我要反馈
新浪新闻客户端
新浪新闻客户端

扫描左侧二维码下载,更多精彩内容随你看。(官方微博:新浪新闻

图片故事

新浪新闻意见反馈留言板 400-052-0066 欢迎批评指正

违法和不良信息举报电话:4000520066
举报邮箱:jubao@vip.sina.com

Copyright © 1996-2020 SINA Corporation

All Rights Reserved 新浪公司 版权所有