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珐琅彩花鸟纹摇铃尊(大清雍正年制)

珐琅彩花鸟纹摇铃尊(大清雍正年制)
2021年03月27日 10:07 新浪网 作者 四川国雅臻

  瓷胎画珐琅是珐琅彩瓷的正式名称,是汉族陶瓷艺术之瑰宝,是将画珐琅技法移植到瓷胎上的一种釉上彩瓷。珐琅彩瓷的装饰工艺,即珐琅彩,也称为瓷胎画珐琅是专为清代宫廷御用而特制的一种精细彩绘瓷器,部分产品也用于犒赏功臣,其高超的烧造水平和不朽的艺术价值,充分体现了古代汉族劳动人民的卓越才能和和艺术创造力。

  

  珐琅彩瓷器的形制和纹样构图反映了中西文化交流的历史渊源,工艺的极高要求与生产过程的特殊性也成为这种只在紫禁城烧造的皇家御用瓷存世量少、市场流通性低的重要原因。当然也正是因为珐琅彩的珍贵才形成了它巨大的升值空间。近些年珐琅彩瓷屡屡拍出的亿元天价,也让它成为了中国瓷器市场价格的翘楚。

  

  雍正七年,另一项革新得以完成,那就是雍正时期研制出了中国自己的珐琅彩料,并起用了顶尖的宫廷画师和文人官吏绘图题诗。这使得雍正一朝的珐琅瓷器无论在瓷胎的制造和色彩的调和以及构图的艺术上都达到顶峰。

  

  珐琅彩瓷的特点是瓷质细润,彩料凝重,色泽鲜艳亮丽,画工精致。制作珐琅彩瓷极度费工,乾隆以后就销声匿迹了。珐琅彩瓷器可以说秉承了历史上中国陶瓷发展以来的各种优点,从拉坯、成型、画工、用料、施釉、色彩、烧制的技术上几乎是最精湛的。绘画也成为珐琅彩瓷的精华所在,画工并非一般的窑工,而是皇宫里面顶尖的专业画师,所以这些器物可以代表当时最高的艺术水平、最高的工艺水准。

  Enamel painting on porcelain body is the official name of enamel color porcelain. It is the treasure of Han ceramic art. It is a kind of overglaze color porcelain which transplants the technique of enamel painting on porcelain body. The decoration technology of enamel colored porcelain, namely enamel color, also known as porcelain body painting, is a kind of fine painted porcelain specially made for the imperial court of the Qing Dynasty. Some products are also used to reward meritorious officials. Its superb firing level and immortal artistic value fully reflect the outstanding talent and artistic creativity of the ancient Han working people.

  The shape and pattern composition of enamel porcelain reflect the historical origin of cultural exchanges between China and the West. The extremely high requirements of technology and the particularity of the production process have also become the important reasons for the small quantity and low market circulation of the Royal Porcelain only made in the Forbidden City. Of course, it is the appreciation of enamel that makes it valuable. In recent years, enamel porcelain has been sold for hundreds of millions of yuan, which makes it the leader of China's porcelain market price.

  In the seventh year of Yongzheng, another innovation was completed, that is, during the Yongzheng period, China developed its own enamel materials, and used top court painters and literati officials to write poems. This made the enamel porcelain of Yongzheng Dynasty reach the peak in the manufacture of porcelain body, the harmony of color and the art of composition.

  The characteristics of enamel color porcelain are fine and moist porcelain, dignified color material, bright color and exquisite painting. It took a lot of work to make enamel porcelain, which disappeared after Qianlong. Enamel porcelain can be said to uphold the various advantages of Chinese ceramics since the development of history, from the blank drawing, molding, painting, materials, glaze, color, firing technology is almost the most exquisite. Painting has also become the essence of enamel colored porcelain. The painter is not the ordinary kiln worker, but the top professional painter in the palace, so these utensils can represent the highest artistic level and the highest technological standard at that time.

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