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民国三年袁大头钱币

民国三年袁大头钱币
2021年06月09日 15:16 新浪网 作者 四川国雅臻

  银元起源于15世纪,始铸于欧洲,俗称“洋钱”“花边钱”或“大洋”,是银铸币的通称。银元是舶来品,它初入中国,大约是在明朝,但大量流入,则在清乾隆年间以后。市面上有像三帆银币、竹子银币、甘肃造袁大头等一些发行较少的银元。其中流传最广、影响最大、存世最多的银币品种可数袁世凯头像银币,俗称“袁大头银元”。

  

  “袁大头”,是对铸造于民国初年镌有袁世凯侧面头像壹圆银币的一种俗称。因其首铸于民国三年,又有称“民三”者,此类别称由来已久。作为民国军阀银币的领头羊,“大头”系列对钱币收藏爱好者来说,并不陌生。“袁大头”银元的诞生,也是银元发展的必然结果。在辛亥革命后,袁世凯为了解决军费和提高个人政治地位而发行的银元货币,因这些银元铸有他的侧身图像而得名。

  

  此枚“中华民国三年袁大头”银币,钱币正面袁世凯侧身像,上刻有“中华民国三年”,背面图案是两株交叉的稻穗,中央为“壹圆”字样。由于它是实物货币,介于人们对贵金属的认可,以及对历史文化强烈的认同感,因此收藏的人不在少数。“袁大头”的变现能力比较强,这也是藏家看好的因素之一!

  “袁大头”代表了中国近代的货币文化,反映了我国近代历史、经济、金融的兴衰和沧桑,具有很高的艺术观赏价值和文物价值,也具有一定的保值和升值功能。目前民间留存的“袁大头”数量已经不算太多,而且银属于贵金属,收藏风险较小,非常适合投资和收藏。

  

  在铸造的近千种近代钱币中,存世最多、影响最大、流传最广的钱币品种可数袁世凯头像钱币,俗称“袁大头”或“大头洋”,它是在中华民国成立以后由北京政府铸造发行的。袁世凯头像钱币面值分别为壹元、中元(五角)、贰角、壹角4种;银币形式统一,成色、重量有严格规定,很快受到了社会认同和接受,在国内金融市场上逐步取代了清朝的龙洋,成为流通领域的主币。

  Silver dollar originated in the 15th century, beginning to cast in Europe, commonly known as "foreign money", "lace money" or "ocean", is the general name of silver coins. Silver dollars were imported from abroad. They first entered China in the Ming Dynasty, but in large quantities after the reign of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty. There are three fan silver coins on the market, bamboo silver coins, Gansu made yuan and so on some of the less issued silver dollars. Among them, the most widely spread, the largest influence, the largest number of surviving varieties of silver coins can be counted Yuan Shikai head silver coins, commonly known as "Yuan Datou silver yuan".

  "Yuan Datou" is a common name for the one-yuan silver coin with Yuan Shikai's head on the side cast in the early Republic of China. Because its first cast in the three years of the Republic of China, there are also known as the "people three", such nicknames have a long history. As the bellwether of silver coins in the Republic of China, the "big head" series is not unfamiliar to coin collectors. The birth of "Yuan Datou" silver dollar is also the inevitable result of the development of silver dollar. After the Revolution of 1911, Yuan Shikai issued the silver currency to meet the cost of military expenditure and to improve his personal political status. The silver currency got its name from the image of his side cast on it.

  This "three years of the People's Republic of China Yuan Datou" silver coin, the front side of the coin Yuan Shikai profile, engraved with the "three years of the Republic of China", the back pattern is two crossed rice ears, the center is the words "one circle". Because it is a physical currency, between people's recognition of precious metals, as well as a strong sense of identity to history and culture, so the collection of people is not a small number. "Yuan Datou" has strong liquidity, which is also one of the factors that collectors are optimistic about!

  "Yuan Datou" represents China's modern currency culture, reflecting the rise and fall of China's modern history, economy, finance and vicissitudes of life, has a high artistic ornamental value and cultural relic value, but also has a certain value preservation and appreciation. At present, the number of "Yuan Datou" retained by the people is not too much. Moreover, silver is a precious metal with less risk of collection, so it is very suitable for investment and collection.

  Among the nearly one thousand kinds of modern coins cast, Yuan Shikai's head coin, commonly known as "Yuan Datou" or "Big Head Ocean", is the most widely circulated coin that has the most existence, influence and influence in the world. It was cast and issued by the Beijing government after the establishment of the Republic of China. Yuan Shikai head coin face value is one yuan, yuan (five), two jiao, one jiao 4; The form of silver coins was unified, and the color and weight were strictly regulated. It was quickly recognized and accepted by the society, and gradually replaced the Longyang of the Qing Dynasty in the domestic financial market and became the main currency in the circulation field.

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